The World Health Organization (WHO) has labeled the coronavirus outbreak as a pandemic.
WHO chief Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said the number of cases outside China had increased 13-fold over the past two weeks.
A pandemic is a disease that is spreading in multiple countries around the world at the same time.
However, the WHO chief said that calling the outbreak a pandemic did not mean it was changing its advice about what countries should do.
Dr. Tedros called on governments to change the course of the outbreak by taking “urgent and aggressive action”.
He said: “Several countries have demonstrated that this virus can be suppressed and controlled.
“The challenge for many countries who are now dealing with large clusters or community transmission is not whether they can do the same – it’s whether they will.”
Governments had to “strike a fine balance between protecting health, minimizing disruption and respecting human rights”.
He added: “We’re in this together to do the right things with calm and protect the citizens of the world. It’s doable.”
Earlier, Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel warned that up to 70% of the country’s population – some 58 million people – could contract the coronavirus.
Angela Merkel said since there was no known cure, the focus would fall on slowing the spread of the virus.
Some German virologists dispute the high figure. Former federal government adviser on disease control, Prof. Alexander Kekulé, told German media he saw a worst case scenario of 40,000 cases.
The number of confirmed cases in Germany has risen to 1,567 from 1,296, the Koch institute for infectious diseases said.
In Italy, where there are 12,447 confirmed cases, PM Giuseppe Conte has announced the closure of schools, gyms, museums, nightclubs and other venues across the country.
On March 11, Italian health officials said the death toll there had risen to 827 from 631. Nearly 900 people with the virus in Italy were in intensive care, the WHO’s emergencies head Michael Ryan said.
Dr. Ryan said the situation in Iran – where there were 354 deaths among 9,000 cases – was “very serious”. The WHO had sent 40,000 testing kits to Iran but there was still a shortage of ventilators and oxygen.
He said: “Iran and Italy are suffering now but I guarantee you other countries will be in that situation very soon.”
France said there had been 48 deaths in the country, an increase of 15 from March 10. There are 2,281 confirmed cases. Coronavirus-linked restrictions have been extended to two more areas, France’s health minister said.
In the western US, Washington state is banning some large gatherings in certain areas and has told all school districts to prepare for possible closures in the coming days. The governor of Seattle’s King County said he expected a serious coronavirus outbreak within weeks.
In the eastern US, New York’s governor announced that troops would be sent into New Rochelle, in an attempt to contain an outbreak of the virus, as the total number of US cases passed 1,000 on March 11.
A one-mile containment zone was in force around the town north of Manhattan. Some individuals have been quarantined.
A number of countries have imposed sweeping travel restrictions. India has suspended most visas for foreigners until April 15. Guatemala is banning European citizens from entering from March 12.
Music festivals and other major events in the US, including Coachella festival in California, have been canceled or postponed. The E3 gaming show set for Los Angeles in June is among those canceled.
Thousands of flights have been canceled worldwide as airlines struggle to cope with a slump in demand.
UK health minister Nadine Dorries announced she had tested positive for coronavirus and was self-isolating at home.
Several countries – including Sweden and Bulgaria, as well as the Republic of Ireland – have recorded their first deaths, while the number of confirmed cases in Qatar jumped from 24 to 262.
China – where the virus was first detected – has seen a total of 80,754 confirmed cases and 3,136 deaths. However, China recorded its lowest number of new infections, just 19, on March 10.