Asperger syndrome is a form of autism – a condition which affects how people make sense of the world, and interact with other people.
People with Asperger syndrome tend to have particular difficulty in communicating and interacting socially.
They can also have problems understanding or interpreting other people’s thoughts, feelings and actions.
For instance, they have trouble picking up subtle meanings contained in facial expressions and body language.
They tend to like routines, and can sometimes develop obsessive interests.
However, they are often of above average intelligence, and do not have the learning difficulties associated with autism.
It is thought a combination of genetic and environmental factors cause Asperger syndrome, which together impact on brain development.
There is no cure for the condition, but therapy can provide significant help.