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Cerebrovascular diseases


A new study has found that women have a poorer quality of life after a stroke than men.

The US research, published in Neurology, assessed the mental and physical health of 1,370 patients three months and a year after a stroke.

Women had more depression and anxiety, pain and discomfort, and more restricted mobility.

The study also says more people survive a stroke now than 10 years ago because of improved treatment and prevention.

The researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, North Carolina, looked at patients who had had a stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA), also known as a mini-stroke.

Quality of life is calculated using a formula that assesses mobility, self-care, everyday activities, depression/anxiety and pain.

Women have a poorer quality of life after a stroke than men

Women have a poorer quality of life after a stroke than men

At three months, women were more likely than men to report problems with mobility, pain and discomfort, anxiety and depression, but the difference was greatest in those aged over 75.

After a year, women still had lower quality-of-life scores overall than men but the difference between them was smaller.

Prof. Cheryl Bushnell, who led the study, said: “We found that women had a worse quality of life than men up to 12 months following a stroke.”

She said mood, ability to move about, and having pain or discomfort may contribute to the poorer quality of life for women.

Prof. Cheryl Bushnell suggested that women may have less muscle mass than men before their strokes, making it harder to recover.

She added: “As more people survive strokes, physicians and other healthcare providers should pay attention to quality-of-life issues and work to develop better interventions, even gender-specific screening tools, to improve these patients’ lives.”


Argentina’s President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner will undergo surgery on Tuesday to treat bleeding on her brain, doctors have said.

Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, 60, was earlier ordered to rest for a month after doctors discovered the subdural hematoma.

The subdural hematoma was diagnosed as she was undergoing tests for another condition on Saturday.

This means Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner will have to suspend campaigning for congressional elections.

The break from campaigning is considered awkward for the president as some opinion polls have suggested the government could lose control of Congress in the poll on October 27.

Medical experts say recovering from this type of surgery is a long process, and her lay-off is now likely to be longer than a month.

Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner will undergo surgery to treat bleeding on her brain

Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner will undergo surgery to treat bleeding on her brain

The president’s spokesman, Alfredo Scoccimarro, had issued a statement on Sunday saying her doctors had carried out a brain scan in August after a previously undisclosed trauma – thought to be caused by a fall.

They found nothing untoward, but on Saturday, she went to hospital for checks for an irregular heartbeat and also complained of headaches.

A further scan revealed the subdural hematoma – bleeding between the brain and the skull.

The hospital treating her said on Monday she had experienced a slight loss of muscular strength in her left arm the day before.

Doctors said she needed surgery to drain the subdural hematoma.

President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner was first elected in 2007 and then returned to power by a comfortable majority in 2011.

Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner’s husband, former President Nestor Kirchner, died after a heart attack in 2010.

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