North Korea has changed its time zone, turning clocks back by 30 minutes, to mark its liberation from the Japanese at the end of WW2.
Bells rang out in the capital Pyongyang at midnight on August 14 as the new time zone came into effect.
North Korea announced the move earlier this week, surprising South Korea whose president, Park Geun-hye, warned it ran counter to efforts to foster co-operation.
The communist country had been nine hours ahead of GMT – like South Korea and Japan.
Before being colonized by Japan in 1910, the entire Korean peninsula – then one country – was 8.5 hours ahead of GMT.
Jong Sok, chief astronomer at the Pyongyang Observatory, said changing time zones made a lot of sense – and was appropriate as the country marked 70 years since it was liberated from Japanese rule.
“With the time standard that we have used up until now, the time when the sun is at its highest position is not correctly noon,” Jong Sok told the Associated Press.
“I think it is the lawful right of a sovereign state that our republic – to mark the 70th anniversary of our liberation and the 70th anniversary of the defeat of Japanese imperialism – has announced our time as Pyongyang Time, the same as our ancestors used and which was robbed from us by the Japanese imperialists.”
State news agency KCNA said earlier this week “wicked Japanese imperialists” had “deprived Korea of even its standard time” by changing the clocks during the occupation.
South Korea’s President Park Geun-hye said on Monday Pyongyang’s “unilateral” decision, taken without any consultation with Seoul, was “highly regrettable” and threatened a “further deepening of disparity between the two Koreas”.
Spain is to consider changing time zones by an hour after a report said this would improve eating, sleeping and working habits.
The document by a parliamentary commission said that “Spain for more than 71 years has not been in the correct time zone”.
In 1942, the Spanish dictator General Franco moved Spain onto Central European Time to follow Nazi Germany.
Spain is to consider changing time zones by an hour after a report said this would improve eating, sleeping and working habits
The report says Spain should be in the same time zone as the UK and Portugal.
Spain – on the western edge of Europe – is currently one hour ahead of GMT during the winter and two hours ahead in the summer.
“We sleep almost an hour less than the World Health Organization recommends,” the commission said.
“All this has a negative effect on productivity, absenteeism, stress, accidents and school drop-out rates.”
It said that following the “wrong clock” explained why Spaniards tended to eat, leave work and go to bed later than their European neighbors.
“Our timetable is determined more by the sun than by the clock. We eat at one o’clock in the afternoon and dine at eight, according to the sun, but the clock says it is three o’clock and 10 o’clock,” the text said.
It added that jumping back an hour would bring Spain “into line with Europe in many respects in which we currently differ”.
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