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James J. Williams

James is a professor in Science. His writing skills brought him to BelleNews. He enjoys writing articles for the Science and Technology category. James often finds himself reading about the latest gadgets as the topic is very appealing to him. He likes reading and listening to classical music.


The 2017 Nobel Prize in Literature has been awarded to the English author Kazuo Ishiguro.

Kazuo Ishiguro, 62, was praised by the Swedish Academy as a writer “who, in novels of great emotional force, has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world”.

His most famous novels The Remains of the Day and Never Let Me Go were adapted into highly acclaimed films. The novelist was made an OBE in 1995.

Kazuo Ishiguro said the award was “flabbergastingly flattering”.

The author has written eight books, which have been translated into over 40 languages.

Image source Wikimedia

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Kazuo Ishiguro was born in Nagasaki, Japan, in 1954, he moved to England with his family when his father was offered a post as an oceanographer in Surrey.

He read English and philosophy at the University of Kent after a gap year that included working as a grouse beater for the Queen Mother at Balmoral.

Kazuo Ishiguro studied an MA in creative writing at the University of East Anglia, where his tutors were Malcolm Bradbury and Angela Carter.

His thesis became his critically acclaimed first novel, A Pale View of Hills, published in 1982.

Kazuo Ishiguro won the Booker Prize in 1989 for The Remains of the Day.


In fact, the exam is a competition, or you can even say a fight between a person who wants to say something on this topic and the other side, which is all so tired of spitting and gone, but the rigid frameworks do not allow this to happen. And no writing essay service here will help. The student taking the exam is like a gladiator going out to the arena. If a student knows the material firmly enough, then he will not be afraid of anything. A teacher with an experienced ear will hear familiar notes in the story and will understand that this student knows something.

How to prepare cribs?

Worse, when the student knows only the name of the subject. In this case, you can be safe, prepare a crib or other tool that carries the necessary information. Preparing cribs are better for yourself, with thesis writing anything in memory is set aside. When applying for a written exam, auxiliary tools help you better than oral, as you work in writing, and go from the audience.

When passing the exam of any kind, oral or written, you can use the technical means of communication, the benefit of them is now very much. The headset is inserted into the ear, it is not visible from the outside. You just need to have at least a minimum of artistic inclinations, so that a teacher who does not keep up with the trends of the time and watches for the novelties, did not see the behaviour, he is getting ready or listening to something.

Image source Th Blue Diamond Gallery

How to behave on an exam?

With an oral exam, the case goes worse. The main rule of the student at the oral exam is not to lose self-control. There is no such thing as not knowing anything. Any germinal knowledge or general erudition should allow the examiners to enter a conversation with the examiner, prove something to him, talk about this topic and next to the topic. The basic rule of conduct is not silence. Some custom essay writing can sometimes help. They say that the truth is that silence is gold, but no one has grown rich from this. If the examiner started responding to the conversation, you can carefully go back to the home or political theme. It is necessary to try to make the conversation a bit delayed. For the exam, clear timeframes are defined, they can be stretched out, but there are limits, the exam is made up of several people. With the examiner you can and must argue, defend your point of view, it is respect for the interlocutor. Psychologically, it is very difficult to put an unsatisfactory person, with whom you speak on all sorts of topics. It is possible, of course, to stumble upon an impregnable teaching, but this is already an element of failure. The next time it is not worth taking an exam to this type.

You can usually use the old as a world way, to try to cry in the waistcoat teacher, they say, the aunt or woman is ill, some kind of cataclysms in the family and the material remained uneducated. But it rarely works.

There is still the same old way – money. To offer a bribe to the teacher is simply stupid, you can get the effect of a boomerang. It is best to study the environment, and senior students can tell from which side to approach such an issue. There will always be a lively assistant or assistant at the department that will help solve the problem.

All of the above apply to university exams. Examination of a different kind is simply necessary to give it up to itself and without blessing, because from this in the future life depends not only on one’s own. So, it is very important to prepare for the exam during the entire academic semester, since the guarantee of whether you will be able to read it or not will not give anyone. And writing thesis at lectures will help prepare him later.


When you are writing a research paper or course work, you need to perform a very important task first. It is to research the requirement of the paper. The requirement refers to the need of the examiners. If you are eyeing high grade, it is essential that you give the examiners whatever they are looking for. Or else, you will have to find a professional service to buy research paper from.

Effective coursework writing is following a method. You would have to begin with the purpose of writing the paper. Without stating this, you will not be able to drive the writing to the desired conclusion. Making the writing clear is another important factor which you will have to keep in mind. Spell error or grammatical error might ruin the entire paper and this is why you must make it a point to pay attention to the errors. Apart from these, you will have to obey the rules of writing a course paper.

The Purpose

One of the great trick to attract attention of the examiners is to getting started with clearly written purpose. The readers must be able to know why you are writing the paper. The starting should be strong. A weak start will ruin the impact of the paper and will weaken your chance of scoring high.

Introduce Properly

You have only a few seconds to impress the examiners or the readers. This is why the first line must be a grabber. The first line of the introduction or the beginning of the paper will decide the fate of your writing. Make sure to put all your effort in writing a strong introduction which will grab attention immediately. Weak first paragraph will not get you high score because the examiners will lose interest.

The Body

A strong introduction does not mean that you will ignore the body of the paper. It is important that you write a smooth body which will hold the strength of the introduction. This will ensure that you succeed in getting the respect and the attention of the examiners. One thing you need to remember, don’t repeat words or lines. This will ruin the effect. To avoid being repetitive, you will have to go for in-depth research.


To get high grade, you will have to find a balance in your written content. It should be relevant, legitimate and accurate. Absence of one of these three elements might lead to weakness. Thus, while writing you need to ensure that these elements are present. If possible, have an expert to look at your paper or have an expert to write the whole thing.

Clarity and Conclusion

You need to find both clarity and conclusion if you want to score high.  The writing should be to the point. Elaborated pieces will not do you much good if you cannot categorize the content in clear subheading. Additionally, you need to go for the correct conclusion as well. This too needs to be clear and to the point. You must think like an examiner while writing the paper.


10 tips we are going to talk about do not typically concern paper or legit essay writing. We are talking specifically about formal writing, which includes business and academic types of work.

If the information presented below is not enough, you can always apply to a professional paper writing service as another source of credible information.

So, let’s get started.   

10 Steps to Better Formal Writing

  1. Forget about contractions. Never use contractions in formal writing, especially in essays and research papers. For example, «don’t», «can’t», «isn’t» must be replaced with «do not», «cannot», and «is not». Write out all words in full.
  2. Passive Voice or Active Voice? Passive voice is inappropriate for most academic writings. Yes, you can use passive (but don’t too much) if you are in the sciences. But in other cases, use the active voice instead. Passive voice makes sentences sound weak. In academic writing, we want only strong sentences.
  3. Strong verbs over weak verbs. Academic essay requires strong verbs only. For example, «objected» over «made an objection», «audited» over «did an audit», etc.
  4. Ask a question. Ask a question and think over the answer. When you figure out what you think the answer is, write it down. This automatically leads you to the thesis of your future essay. The thesis is the answer to your question. It has to be strong and contain a precise idea. Thus, you will know what you want exactly to write about and the readers will understand it too. So, a stated thesis is the core of the whole essay.
  5. Create an introduction first. When writing an introduction, put your thesis inside of it. This makes essay interesting, so the readers want to read more. If you create a good intro, your whole essay will be easier to write.
  6. Do not focus on the length of your paper. If you constantly focus on the number of pages you have to write, you will not avoid the pressure and stress. Pay your attention to the quality of the essay rather to its length. Do not think about how long it has to be and how many sentences you need to fill all papers. In case, you have nothing to write about, check other sources and make your opinions based on someone else’s research. But use it smartly. The citation is a good way to add length to your writing. The most important thing is to be giving your own thoughts about ideas you put in your essay or paper.
  7. Small breaks. Even a 5-minute break is important when writing a paper. If you are getting stuck in writing, give yourself a little time to focus on other things. Refresh your head and sit down to think about the topic and where you need to go with it. Or break your paper into several parts, and give your brain little breaks after each part. Small rewards are also a good idea.
  8. Divide your writing time. Evaluate the period you have for an essay and divide it into several parts. Give 5-10% of your time for thesis, 15-20% – for writing an outline of arguments, 20-30% – research, 40-45% – actual writing, and 10% — polishing (proofreading+editing). Adjust the time as needed.
  9. Edit, edit, and edit. Polishing up your essay is as important as an actual writing. Make sure that the sentences flow smoothly from one paragraph to another. Check grammar and punctuation. Eliminate excess.
  10. Give your paper to a friend. It is the best way to check if the readers are into your writing or not.




Brazil has abolished a vast national reserve in the Amazon to open up the area to mining.

The area, covering 17,800 sq miles, straddles the northern states of Amapa and Para, and is thought to be rich in gold, and other minerals.

The Brazilian government said nine conservation and indigenous land areas within it would continue to be legally protected.

However, activists have voiced concern that these areas could be badly compromised.

President Michel Temer has issued a decree to abolish a protected area known as the National Reserve of Copper and Associates (Renca).

The protected area’s size is larger than Denmark and about 30% of it will be open to mining.

The mining and energy ministry says protected forest areas and indigenous reserves will not be affected.

Image source Flickr

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The ministry said in a statement: “The objective of the measure is to attract new investments, generating wealth for the country and employment and income for society, always based on the precepts of sustainability.”

However, opposition Senator Randolfe Rodrigues denounced the move as “the biggest attack on the Amazon of the last 50 years”, O Globo newspaper reported.

Maurício Voivodic, head of the conservation body WWF in Brazil, warned last month that mining in the area would lead to “demographic explosion, deforestation, the destruction of water resources, the loss of biodiversity and the creation of land conflict”.

According to the WWF report, the main area of interest for copper and gold exploration is in one of the protected areas, the Biological Reserve of Maicuru.

There is also said to be gold in the Para State forest, which lies within the area.

The WWF says there is potential for conflict too in two indigenous reserves that are home to various ethnic communities living in relative isolation.

WWF’s report said that a “gold rush in the region could create irreversible damage to these cultures”.

Watching a total solar eclipse is a rare and memorable experience. However, without the right precautions, it can also be dangerous.

The Sun’s rays are so intense you can feel their warmth from 150 million km away. That’s why looking at the Sun directly, even for a few seconds, can seriously damage your eyes. It allows ultraviolet (UV) light to flood in and burn the light-sensitive cells – causing potentially permanent blurry vision and blind spots.

Watching an eclipse with normal sunglasses provides virtually no protection. In fact, they trick your eyes to let in more light, so they can cause even more damage. But there are three easy ways to view an eclipse safely that can be set up in a few minutes.

Build a pinhole projector

The safest way to view a solar eclipse is to project it onto a piece of paper. Using a cardboard box, you can make a pinhole projector.

You will need:

A long cardboard box, a sheet of white paper, some aluminum foil, a craft knife, scissors, a drawing pin, duct tape and glue. If you can’t find a long box then try taping two smaller boxes together.

Safety measures:

Remember: DO NOT look directly at the Sun without appropriate protection, such as special eclipse glasses. Children should get an adult to help build and use this projector. Take extra care when using sharp tools like craft knifes and scissors.

What will you see?

A bright beam of sunlight will project onto the paper at the far end of the box. This is the Sun’s disc. When an eclipse occurs you’ll see an image of the Moon’s disc sweeping across your projection. The size of the image will be about one hundredth of the length of the box – so the longer the box, the bigger the projected image.

Image source Wikimedia

Using binoculars safely

Pinhole viewers are cheap and easy to make. However, with a bit more time you can get a much better image by projecting the Sun with binoculars. The advantage of this method is that you can watch the eclipse with others as the projected image is much bigger.

You will need:

A pair of large binoculars (a telescope works just as well), a tripod (or another sturdy object you can securely fix the binoculars to), a sheet of white paper, a large piece of cardboard, scissors, some duct tape and some large plain paper or a flip-chart.

Safety measures:

Binoculars and telescopes concentrate sunlight, so never directly look at the Sun with them, as you will permanently damage your eyes. Don’t look directly at the Sun without appropriate protection, such as special eclipse glasses. Keep the binoculars lenses covered until you are ready to use them as this will avoid them getting hot. Children should get an adult to help build and use this projector. Take extra care when using sharp tools like scissors.

What will you see?

As sunlight shines through the binoculars, an image of the Sun will be projected onto your flip-chart. Adjust the distance between the binoculars and the flip-chart until your image is about the size of a small plate. If it’s blurry, focus your binoculars until it becomes sharp. While you wait for the eclipse to happen, look out for dark specks and patterns in your projection – these are sunspots.

Looking directly at the Sun

Watching an eclipse directly is possible – but it’s vital to protect your eyes with the correct equipment.

Never look at the Sun unless you are wearing a pair of special eclipse glasses. Check they meet required safety standards.

Test their condition by putting them on as you’re looking away from the Sun. You shouldn’t be able to see anything. If any light is entering through the glasses, this could mean that they are scratched and won’t provide the right protection. When you’re satisfied the glasses aren’t damaged, turn to look at the Sun. This should be the only thing you can see – a big, orange globe surrounded by a black sky.

Don’t look at the Sun through a pair of binoculars or a camera, as they will concentrate the Sun’s powerful rays into your eye. If you want to use equipment like this, you need a professional solar filter that fits tightly onto the front lenses.

The US is preparing for the spectacular sight of a total solar eclipse.

The Moon is set to pass in front of the Sun, casting a deep shadow that will sweep over the US from Oregon in the west to South Carolina in the east.

It is the first such event since 1918 where the path of darkness crosses both the Pacific and Atlantic coasts.

It is also the first total solar eclipse to make landfall exclusively in the US since independence in 1776.

People lucky enough to be directly in the path of deepest shadow (“totality”) – and blessed with a clear sky – will witness the Sun’s light blocked out for up to two minutes and 40 seconds.

Those who stand off to the side will experience a partial eclipse, which on this occasion will encompass all of North America and northern parts of South America.

There are even parts of Western Europe that will snatch a sight of the Moon’s disc taking a bite out of the Sun just as it sets.

Image source Wikipedia

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Wherever people watch the total solar eclipse, they are urged to take care. Looking directly at the Sun with the naked eye can be dangerous.

Many commentators believe August 21 eclipse will prove to be the most observed, most photographed, and best documented such event in human history.

It will certainly challenge the numbers that saw the 2009 eclipse that swept across India and China.

More than 12 million people live in the 70 mile-wide path of totality. Nearly four times that many live within a two-hour’s drive, and over 200 million live within a day’s drive.

State and local authorities have been preparing for August 21 as if they were about to confront the fallout from some natural disaster.

Carbondale in Illinois has billed itself as the “Eclipse Crossroads of America” because it is in the path of darkness both on August 21 and when the next US eclipse occurs in 2024.

Given this status, Carbondale authorities anticipate a huge influx of visitors. Its regular population numbers 26,000 people, but for August 21 more than 60,000 extra car parking spaces have been organized.

It is not just urban settlements that will be stretched; the National Park Service has been bringing truck loads of portable toilets on to its lands.

Many skywatchers will be waiting until as late as possible before deciding where to go, based on up-to-date weather forecasts. Many of those who planned ahead will have consulted historical weather data.

This information suggests the highest probability of clear skies will be in the northwest. Madras in Oregon is a favorite.

The time of year and its position leeward of the Cascade Mountains mean it would expect a more than 70% chance of an unobstructed view of the eclipse. In contrast, the further east along the path of totality, the higher the historical probability of cloud.

The “eclipse show” for land-dwellers begins on the Oregon coast at 09:05 local time when skywatchers will see the Moon start to traverse the Sun. Totality is reached at 10:16 and, assuming none of the region’s famous coastal fogs are in attendance, people will get one minute and 59 seconds of full darkness.

The Moon’s shadow then races across the continent through 13 more states (less than two square kilometers of the extreme southwest of Iowa is in the path) – a journey that will take roughly 90 minutes.

The place that will experience the longest period of totality (2 minutes and 40 seconds) is about 6 miles south of Carbondale, Illinois.

The last region in the path of deepest shadow is South Carolina. The Atlantic coastal city of Charleston experiences its eclipse at 14:47 local time.

It is around this time that Europeans will be catching their partial view of the event.

Ireland, Northern Ireland, northern England and Scotland see a full partial eclipse.

This year’s Perseid meteor shower will peak over the weekend, giving stargazers the opportunity to spot scores of shooting stars in the sky.

According to astronomers, hundreds of meteors will streak across the sky in a display that may be visible around the world.

The Perseid meteor shower occurs every July and August as the Earth passes debris from the Swift-Tuttle comet.

Typical rates are about 80 meteors an hour, but in outburst years (such as in 2016) the rate can be between 150-200 meteors an hour.

Image source Flickr

The meteor shower’s actual peak is around 1PM EDT August 12, which means that the night before and the night after will both have good rates. The show would be slightly better in the predawn hours of August 12, but that there’d be a decent show both nights.

However, experts say the Perseids could be harder to see this year as the Moon will be three-quarters full.

Earth will pass through the path of Comet Swift-Tuttle from July 17 to August 24, with the shower’s peak — when Earth passes through the densest, dustiest area — occurring on August 12. That means you’ll see the most meteors in the shortest amount of time near that peak, but you can still catch some action from the famed meteor shower before or after that point.

The moon will be three-quarters full during the peak. Since the moon will rise late in the evening (around roughly 11 p.m.), there will be some interference from its light that will make it more difficult to see meteors.

You can see the Perseid meteor shower best in the Northern Hemisphere and down to the mid-southern latitudes, and all you need to catch the show is darkness, somewhere comfortable to sit and a bit of patience.


Not every student is born to become a talented writer; far from everyone has good writing skills and knowledge on how to commit to paper. Unfortunately, this doesn’t prevent from writing assignments all the students have to accomplish during their academic career. It remains to polish up skills and develop writing talents. We have prepared some tips for you that will help you prepare an A-grade paper.

What’s Important in an Essay?

If you have decided to work on a writing assignment yourself, without ordering services like essaybox, then you should pay special attention to the following aspects of writing.

  • The discussion of a specific topic or issue.
  • An essay shows personal ideas of an author on a particular issue.
  • The paper presents a new idea or point of view about something.
  • In a paper, the personality of the author, his worldview, feelings, thoughts, and experience are evaluated.

Writing an essay is extremely useful since the activity teaches the author how formulate thoughts clearly, structure information, use the basic concepts, highlight and illustrate the experience with relevant examples. Although all these may seem to be difficult, after training, there will be no problem for you to prepare a successful essay. 

Structure & Outline

There are no strict requirements on how many paragraphs an essay should contain; the amount of words and length of each section are not limited as well. The structure of an essay is determined by the teacher’s requirements. As a general rule, an essay has a repetitive structure (the number of theses and arguments depends on the topic, outline, and the logic). It has the following format:

  • Introduction;
  • Thesis statement:
  • First main point supported by arguments;
  • Second main point supported by arguments;
  • Third main point supported by arguments;
  • Conclusion

Bear in mind that there may be as many main points as you wish. It is important here to have each statement supported by evidence, examples, and explanations. When working on an essay, it is necessary to consider the following things:

  • Introduction and conclusion should closely focus on the problem.
  • Think on the paragraphes, main points, and arguments in order to establish a logical connection between all the essay sections; thus, the integrity of the work is achieved.
  • From the formal rules of writing an essay, you can only name one thing, the presence of a title.
  • There should be a thesis statement in an essay. It can be one or several sentences, where you express the main idea you are going to prove in a paper. A thesis should be stated in the introduction, with being repeated in the conclusion.

To assure that there are no mistakes in a paper, it is advised to check the draft of your work. When preparing the first version of an essay, your main task is to develop an argument, refine the basic ideas, and arrange them in a logical sequence, supporting each section with illustrative materials, examples, and auxiliary data. When the first draft is ready, relax for 1-2 days and then go back to work on reading your paper. When going through the ready-made essay, pay special attention to the following points:

  • An essay is a subjective genre, so its evaluation can be subjective.
  • Regardless of what’s the purpose of an essay, you need to achieve certain goals. Make sure that each main point has supporting ideas and strong arguments towards them. The details will make your essay interesting and unique.
  • Assure there is a logical flow of thought in your writing.
  • Make sure to use transitional elements for linking ideas.

Everything is easy when started in time. Writing a 1-paper essay takes some time, what to say about an essay written for the first time. So make sure to have at least one day to accomplish the task without missing a deadline.


Every person at some point in his life must choose the professional field in which he wants to work. Therefore, they must write the graduate school essay or other sort of work. Students who make this choice consciously understand what their aspirations are and what their future work is. As a rule, such students study with pleasure, take an active part not only in the public but also in the scientific life of a higher educational establishment. Already from the first year, an experienced teacher can notice in his wards ability to find and analyse information about an object of interest to him. A student who shows interest in the subject gives additional time to study participates in special events devoted to his topic is interested in news, will necessarily attract the attention of the staff of the department.

So what is the correct approach to writing the abstract, diploma, course work or any other work? If you do not want to buy research paper online but decided to write the work themselves you have to remember a few tips.


Probably, most do not like to execute the course, abstracts, diploma work. This is understandable, hours of tedious monotonous work and ultimately the headache. But there are a couple of tips that can ease your work and in some cases save yourself from early grey hair.


Many students combine all work into one file together with the title page. Sometimes it’s easier to spread everything down the shelves, the title page of one document, the introduction to the other, each section separately and so on. First, it’s easier to navigate. Secondly, it’s easier to find the right material, without turning half the text into a search for the desired section, and print it easier. If it’s difficult to write structured text then you can ask for help in any affordable essay writing service, for example scoobydomyessay.com.

Beware …

Never. Remember! Never store your abstracts, courses, diplomas only on removable media. Always have several copies of your work on a computer, a flash drive and you can even write to a disc. When you discard a flash drive or hard drive on a computer laptop, and this is according to the universal law of silence happens on the very last day, you simply copy it to another media.

Image source Pexels


Use them if you know, and if you do not know, then find and learn. Using keyboard shortcuts will greatly speed up your work. Paste (Ctrl + V), Copy (Ctrl + C), Cut (Ctrl + X) are the most used commands that run much faster on the keyboard than with the mouse. And there are so many teams.


Remember, first reading and correcting spelling and punctuation errors. After executing the text, follow the intervals, and then insert the frames, if necessary. Otherwise, you will have to process a number of times all the frames that constantly go away or completely disappear from the changes made to the text. Any descriptive essay or research work needs literacy.


Do not confuse a spoken language with a literary one. In this case, it is not necessary to make it difficult to construct sentences. Be easier. Do not overdo the volume of your work. If the text is longer, it does not mean that it will be better. The volume should not exceed the number of pages accepted for this type of work at your institution.

The main thing

Do not delay writing the abstract thesis or course paper to the last. It’s better to do a little bit every day than ever before in the last days. Only then will your text be good and contain the slightest mistakes.


Thesis writing may be easier than you think

Thesis writing – these two simple words are sometimes enough to make students weak in the knees with fear. But in fact, there’s no reason to worry. Just use these three simple steps while working on your thesis – and you’ll see how much easier it will be for you.

Standard format. Writing advice

All those strict format and structure requirements may seem unnecessary, but they exist for a reason. They will help you as a student not to get lost in your own academic thesis writing and to understand where you need to start and where you need to draw a bottom line.

Image source Flickr

Your thesis content may be immaculate, but unless you take special care to bring its layout and structure into compliance with all requirements, you’ll never get a higher grade.

So here’s our advice: always follow all the requirements your thesis supervisor sets for you.

Step 1: creating an outline

Now you get to the most interesting part, though not the easiest one: choosing your thesis topic and creating your work outline. The ideal option would be to choose a topic that’s really interesting. The more practical option is to choose the one you can find a lot of information on. The sensible middle would be to choose a topic you’ve already worked on in the past, which will definitely make your research writing much easier.

No matter what topic your choose, the outline has to comply with the standard structure:

  • Introductory part;
  • Main part (at least 3 sections with subsections based on the “general-to-specific” principle;
  • Conclusions;
  • Exhibits (don’t disregard this part: charts, diagrams and statistics will make your thesis much more understandable and consistent);
  • List of references.

Another bit of advice: see your supervisor in about two weeks after you got your thesis assignment and show him your outline and your list of references. Ask what other sources he can recommend.

Step 2: looking for information.

Now you need to find information to support each part of your outline. Remember that even if there’s tons of information, you can’t just take chunks of texts written by others and put them in your thesis. You don’t only need to use your writing skills, but also learn how to express your own ideas based on the information you’ve analyzed and compile information to create a coherent, consistent and unique text. In case you use quotes (and it’s very likely you will use them), you’ll have to provide reference for each of them.

One of the useful writing strategies is to write down any ideas or statements that come into your mind in a notebook — you can always use the best ones, as scoobydomyessay. This method can inspire unexpected discoveries and take into account even smallest details that may ensure the highest quality of your work.

Step 3: writing introduction and conclusion

After the first two steps are behind, you can start writing your thesis introduction and conclusion parts. The introductory part must explain why your thesis topic is relevant, state your research goals, define the main hypothesis, as well as main definitions and describe your work structure.

Conclusion is basically an enhanced and more detailed version of the introduction part. It’s where you have to confirm or disprove your main hypothesis and say something about the future prospects of research on the subject. You can finish your work by asking a thought-provoking question.

Of course, you can contact a professional writing service if you don’t want to bother writing your thesis by yourself. But in this case you’ll lose an opportunity to try and improve your writing, analyzing skills and critical thinking. Even thesis writing can bring satisfaction. It only depends on you how interesting the process is going to be.



Maths genius Maryam Mirzakhani, the first woman to receive the prestigious Fields Medal for mathematics, has died in the US qt the age of 40.

The Iranian, a professor at Stanford University, had breast cancer which had spread to her bones.

Nicknamed the “Nobel Prize for Mathematics”, the Fields Medal is only awarded every four years to between two and four mathematicians under 40.

The prize was given to Prof. Maryam Mirzakhani in 2014 for her work on complex geometry and dynamical systems.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said Maryam Mirzakhani’s death caused “great sorrow,” state media reported.

Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said her death was a cause for grief for all Iranians.

US-Iranian scientist Firouz Naderi posted on Instagram: “A light was turned off today. It breaks my heart… gone far too soon.”

Image source YouTube

Firouz Naderi added in a subsequent post: “A genius? Yes. But also a daughter, a mother and a wife.”

Maryam Mirzakhani and her husband, Czech scientist Jan Vondrak, had one daughter.

Some social media users criticized Iranian officials for not using recent images of Maryam Mirzakhani which showed her uncovered hair. Iranian women must cover their hair in line with a strict interpretation of Islamic law on modesty.

Iranian official media and politicians used older pictures in their social media tributes, which show her hair covered.

Stanford University President Marc Tessier-Lavigne described Prof. Maryam Mirzakhani as “a brilliant mathematical theorist and also a humble person who accepted honors only with the hope that it might encourage others to follow her path”.

“Maryam is gone far too soon but her impact will live on for the thousands of women she inspired to pursue math and science,” he said.

“Her contributions as both a scholar and a role model are significant and enduring and she will be dearly missed here at Stanford and around the world.”

Born in 1977, Maryam Mirzakhani was brought up in post-revolutionary Iran and won two gold medals in the International Mathematical Olympiad as a teenager.

She earned a PhD at Harvard University in 2004, and later worked at Princeton before securing a professorship at Stanford in 2008.

Maryam Mirzakhani’s receipt of the Fields Medal three years ago ended a long wait for women in the mathematics community for the prize, first established in 1936.

She was also the first Iranian to receive it.

The citation said Maryam Mirzakhani had made “striking and highly original contributions to geometry and dynamical systems” and that her most recent work constituted “a major advance”.


If you have been injured in an accident you may be considering a personal injury claim for damages to help pay for the costs related to medical care, lost wages, or repairs to material possessions. There are thousands of personal injury attorneys out there – how do you choose the one who is best suited to handle your claim? We’ve compiled a list of 6 things to keep in mind when choosing a personal injury attorney to represent you.


It may seem like an odd thing to consider when choosing a personal injury attorney to represent you in your quest for compensation. However, it is important to choose an attorney with whom you can be 100% open and honest. Failure to communicate openly with your attorney can lead to disaster. Most of the time, we tend to be open with people we are comfortable with.

If you are fearful of your attorney or don’t trust them, what are the chances of establishing transparency and good communication? The more comfortable you are with your personal injury attorney, the more successful your case will be.

Experience Matters

A personal injury attorney’s record and experience are great indicators of whether they’ll be well-suited to handle your claim. While experience should by no means be the only factor you consider, it is helpful to gauge whether or not they are equipped to handle your claim. Attorneys with experience understand what to look for, which details can make or break a case, and how to best apply the facts of your specific case to general legal concepts.

New attorneys with little to no experience may have a general idea of how to approach a case, but may not have had the opportunity to really fine-tune their approach. Many times, however, new attorneys will practice under the supervision of older, more experienced attorneys, so it is important to take this into consideration.

Specialization Within Personal Injury

Personal injury attorney” is a broad title that really captures a great number of areas of specialization. While many personal injury attorneys will be open to handling just about any “personal injury” case, others have specific areas of focus. For example, some attorneys may specialize in slip and fall/premises liability/negligence cases, others focus on medical malpractice claims, while others specialize in claims stemming from car/motorcycle/truck accidents.

While each of these attorneys may advertise him or herself as a personal injury attorney, his or her area of specialization is more specific. Finding an attorney whose specialty aligns with your accident can help to maximize recovery. Attorneys will be familiar with nuances of the specific area of law in which they generally focus.

They’ll Stake Their Reputation on It

Personal injury attorneys develop reputations with clients, adversaries, courts, experts, and just about everyone else they encounter on a daily basis. An attorney with a better reputation will be more likely to be successful in negotiating a better settlement for an injured client. To find the right personal injury attorney for your case, try getting recommendations from friends or family.

Technology and the internet have really expanded our ability to research and learn about personal injury attorneys in our local area(s). Try checking websites such as Avvo, Martindale, Super Lawyers, and Nolo to see what others have to say about your potential personal injury attorney.

Client Load

Busy law offices can indicate a successful legal practice. However, if you have a seemingly minor personal injury claim that won’t generate much of a fee for the attorney you choose, your claim may not receive the attention it deserves if an attorney is overextended. Just because an attorney has a heavy client load does not necessarily mean that they will neglect your case. In many law offices, attorneys are able to assign legal tasks to paralegals or other attorneys in the office so that the caseload can be handled efficiently and effectively.

When deciding if an attorney is right for you, it is simply important to ask questions that will determine whether they have the requisite time to properly tend to your case. Fortunately, research about an attorney’s experience, reputation, and personality may help to shed some light on this ability.


Most personal injury attorneys work on a contingency fee basis. This means that they do not charge an up-front fee, but collect a percentage of your settlement or award at the end of your case. This allows injured clients to obtain necessary legal counsel without worrying about paying for unanticipated medical expenses, fixing a car or motorcycle, or dealing with lost wages due to missing work in addition to expensive legal fees. It is important, though, to ask personal injury attorneys for the exact percentage that they will take and whether this percentage covers court costs and fees.

Alternatively, some attorneys may request a small amount of money up-front to pay for filing fees, court costs, expert witnesses, and other expenses associated with a personal injury claim.


Earth Day is observed every year on April 22, when more than one billion people across the world mark the event by showing support for environmental protection.

Festivals, rallies and outdoor events are held in nearly 200 countries – often, with the support of A-list celebrities and political leaders.

Earth Day marks the anniversary of the birth of the modern environmental movement in 1970 and aims to encourage people across the world to be more environmentally friendly.

This might mean increasing the amount they recycle, volunteering for a local green project or installing solar panels in their home.

The very first event for Earth Day, which was held in America following a devastating oil spill, is credited as the beginning of the modern environmental movement. The idea for a national day to focus on the environment came to Earth Day founder Gaylord Nelson, then a Senator from Wisconsin, after witnessing the ravages of the 1969 massive oil spill in Santa Barbara, California.

April 22, falling between Spring Break and Final Exams, was selected as the date to celebrate Earth Day.

The height of counterculture in the US, 1970 brought the death of Jimi Hendrix, the last Beatles album, and Simon & Garfunkel’s Bridge Over Troubled Water. War raged in Vietnam and students nationwide overwhelmingly opposed it.

Since its launch, Earth Day has been supported by an array of famous people like Leonardo DiCaprio and Emma Watson.

Now it is coordinated globally by the non-profit Earth Day Network, which describes it as “the largest secular holiday in the world”.

Each year, festivals, parades and rallies are held in at least 192 countries to demonstrate support for environmental protection.

Earth Day has its own flag, which was created by peace activist John McConnell and features a picture of the world on it.

It also has its own anthems – one of which is performed to the tune of Beethoven’s Ode To Joy, but with lyrics about protecting the planet.

In 2017, more than one billion people are expected to celebrate Earth Day. Earth Day 2017’s Campaign is Environmental & Climate Literacy.

Tesla CEO Elon Musk has announced that his company will unveil an electric articulated truck in September 2017.

Additionally, the Tesla CEO said an electric pick-up truck would be shown off in around 18-24 months.

In 2016, Elon Musk expressed the company’s desire to branch out beyond cars.

However, analysts are concerned Tesla will not meet demand for its current projects.

Image source Flickr

The Model 3, a more mid-market car compared to what Tesla currently offers, has 400,000 pre-orders – vastly more than the company can manufacture in a year. The Model 3 is due to go into production later this year.

However, despite this hurdle, investors seem confident that Elon Musk will meet his ambitious promises – Tesla’s surging stock price saw it briefly become the most valuable car maker in the US on April 10.

Speaking about the truck, Elon Musk said his team had done an “amazing job” and the vehicle would be “seriously next level”.

In a string of tweets sent out on April 13, Elon Musk also said that the next version of its roadster sports car will be a convertible.

Elon Musk has launched Neuralink, a start-up which aims to develop technology that connects our brains to computers.

A report from the Wall Street Journal, later confirmed in a tweet by Elon Musk, said Neuralink was in its very early stages and registered as a “medical research” company.

Neuralink will develop so-called “neural lace” technology which would implant tiny electrodes into the brain.

The technique could be used to improve memory or give humans added artificial intelligence.

Image source Flickr

According to the Journal, leading academics in the field have been signed up to work at the company which is being funded privately by Tesla chief executive.

Specialists in the field envision a time when humans may be able to upload and download thoughts.

In a tweet on March 28, Elon Musk confirmed the existence of Neuralink and said more details about the company would be made public next week via WaitButWhy – a site known for illustrating its lengthy post with often crude but charming stick figure drawings.

Elon Musk is considered one of Silicon Valley’s most visionary figures – and surely now its busiest.

As well as heading electric carmaker Tesla, Elon Musk is involved with running space exploration company Space X, a project to reinvent transport called Hyperloop and, most recently, a company investigating the feasibility of boring tunnels underneath Los Angeles – and a new project to power Australia.

Tweeting about Neuralink, Elon Musk conceded it would be “difficult to dedicate the time, but existential risk is too high not to”.



According to the UN’s World Happiness Report, Norway is the happiest place on Earth, toppling neighbor Denmark from the number one position.

The report measures “subjective well-being” – how happy the people are, and why.

Denmark, Iceland, Switzerland and Finland round out the top five while the Central African Republic came last.

Western Europe and North America dominated the top of table, with the US at 14th.

Countries in sub-Saharan Africa and those hit by conflict have predictably low scores. Syria placed 152 of 155 countries – Yemen and South Sudan, which are facing impending famine, came in at 146 and 147.

The World Happiness Report was released to coincide with the UN’s International Day of Happiness on March 20.

It mainly relies on asking a simple, subjective question of more than 1,000 people every year in more than 150 countries.

“Imagine a ladder, with steps numbered from 0 at the bottom to 10 at the top,” the question asks.

“The top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom of the ladder represents the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder would you say you personally feel you stand at this time?”

The average result is the country’s score – ranging from Norway’s 7.54 to the Central African Republic’s 2.69. But the report also tries to analyze statistics to explain why one country is happier than another.

The report looks at factors including economic strength (measured in GDP per capita), social support, life expectancy, freedom of choice, generosity, and perceived corruption.

This year’s report also contains a chapter titled “restoring American happiness”, which examines why happiness levels in the US are falling, despite constantly-increasing economic improvement.

“The United States can and should raise happiness by addressing America’s multi-faceted social crisis – rising inequality, corruption, isolation, and distrust – rather than focusing exclusively or even mainly on economic growth,” the authors said.

“America’s crisis is, in short, a social crisis, not an economic crisis.”

According to Jeffrey Sachs, the director of the Sustainable Development Solutions Network, which published the report, President Donald Trump’s policies were likely to make things worse.

“They are all aimed at increasing inequality – tax cuts at the top, throwing people off the healthcare rolls, cutting Meals on Wheels in order to raise military spending. I think everything that has been proposed goes in the wrong direction,” Jeffrey Sachs told Reuters.

The report also suggests that professional “white collar” jobs are associated with improved happiness over “blue collar” roles – but that having a job at all is one of the biggest factors.

While “those in well-paying jobs are happier and more satisfied with their lives”, that effect has diminishing returns – “an extra $100 of salary is worth much more to someone at the lower end of the income distribution than someone already earning much more”.

The World Happiness Report has been published for the past five years, during which the Nordic countries have consistently dominated the top spots.

The clear dominance of those countries – and Denmark in particular – has encouraged other nations to adopt the Danish concept of “Hygge” – a cultural concept of coziness and relaxation.


According to Egypt’s antiquities minister Khaled el-Anani, an ancient statue which was pulled from the mud in Cairo is not the Pharaoh Ramses II, but could be another king.

The minister told a news conference the statue was almost certainly Psamtek I, who ruled between 664 and 610BC.

Experts had thought the statue was Ramses, who ruled 600 years earlier, because it was close to a temple dedicated to the ruler.

Image source Wikipedia

However, one of Psamtek’s five names was found engraved on the huge statue.

Even so, the find is still significant, Khaled el-Anani said.

The discovery was made after they moved the statue – which was 29ft tall originally – from a wasteland in between apartment blocks on the site of the ancient capital, Heliopolis, to the Egyptian museum in central Cairo.

It was found by an Egyptian-German archaeological team, and was partially submerged in water, and had split into a number of parts. Its torso alone weighed three tonnes.

Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities said it hoped the two parts could be put back together again.

It appears Kim Jong-nam, the half brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, has been killed in Malaysia by a highly toxic nerve agent called VX.

The VX nerve agent is the most potent of the known chemical warfare agents. It is a clear, amber-colored, oily liquid which is tasteless and odorless.

Image source Wikimedia

The agent works by penetrating the skin and disrupting the transmission of nerve impulses – a drop on the skin can kill in minutes. Lower doses can cause eye pain, blurred vision, drowsiness and vomiting.

VX can be disseminated in a spray or vapor when used as a chemical weapon, or used to contaminate water, food, and agricultural products.

It can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, ingestion, skin contact, or eye contact.

Clothing can carry VX for about 30 minutes after contact with the vapor, which can expose other people.

VX was banned by the 1993 UN’s Chemical Weapons Convention.

A record seven Earth-sized planets orbiting a single star have been detected.

The astronomers say that all seven exoplanets could potentially support liquid water on the surface, depending on the other properties of those planets.

However, only three are within the conventional “habitable” zone where life is considered a possibility.

The compact system of exoplanets orbits Trappist-1, a low-mass, cool star located 40 light-years away from Earth.

The planets, detected using NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope and several ground-based observatories, are described in the journal Nature.

Lead author Michaël Gillon, from Belgium’s University of Liège, said: “The planets are all close to each other and very close to the star, which is very reminiscent of the moons around Jupiter.

“Still, the star is so small and cold that the seven planets are temperate, which means that they could have some liquid water – and maybe life, by extension – on the surface.”

Co-author Amaury Triaud, from the University of Cambridge, UK, said the team had introduced the “temperate” definition to broaden perceptions about habitability.

Image source NASA

Three of the Trappist-1 planets fall within the traditional habitable zone definition, where surface temperatures could support the presence of liquid water – given sufficient atmospheric pressure.

However, Dr. Amaury Triaud said that if the planet furthest from the parent star, Trappist-1h, had an atmosphere that efficiently trapped heat – a bit more like Venus’s atmosphere than Earth’s – it might be habitable.

The six inner planets have orbital periods that are organized in a “near-resonant chain”. This means that in the time that it takes for the innermost planet to make eight orbits, the second, third and fourth planets revolve five, three and two times around the star, respectively.

This appears to be an outcome of interactions early in the evolution of the planetary system.

The astronomers say it should be possible to study the planets’ atmospheric properties with telescopes.

However, the astrophysicist also warns that we must remain extremely careful about inferring biological activity from afar.

Some of the properties of cool, low mass stars could make life a more challenging prospect. For example, some are known to emit large amounts of radiation in the form of flares, which has the potential to sterilize the surfaces of nearby planets.

In addition, the habitable zone is located closer to the star so that planets receive the heating necessary for liquid water to persist. But this causes a phenomenon called tidal locking, so that planets always show the same face to their star.

This might have the effect of making one side of the planet hot, and the other cold.

Dr. Amaury Triaud said UV light might be vital for producing the chemical compounds that can later be assembled into biological systems. Similarly, if life emerges on the permanent night side of a tidally locked planet, it might be sheltered from any flares.

However, he said the Trappist-1 star was not particularly active, something it has in common with other “ultra cool dwarfs” the team has surveyed.

“It is fair to say there is much we don’t know. Where I am hopeful is that we will know if flares are important, we will know if tidal locking is relevant to habitability and maybe to the emergence of biology,” he explained.

“Many of the arguments in favor or disfavor of habitability can be flipped in that way. First and foremost we need observations.”

In addition to the Spitzer observations, astronomers gathered data using Very Large Telescope in Chile, the Liverpool Telescope in La Palma, Spain, and others.


Selling your home can be a drawn out, expensive, and stressful affair, so you want to go about it the best way you can. Your estate agent will play a big part in this, and should be chosen to save you as much time, money, and hassle as possible.


That’s why we recommend using an online estate agent rather than traditional high street names. Likely to cost less, have a larger audience of potential purchasers, and make the whole process go more quickly, they can be a great alternative to doing things the old-fashioned way.


Here are just three of the reasons that we recommend enlisting one to sell your property…


#1: Online Estate Agents Usually Cost Less


If you take the time to consider any modern industry, you’ll soon come to the conclusion that online enterprises usually have lower overheads, and are happy to pass these savings on to their customers to increase their competitiveness. This applies to estate agents as much as any other professionals, and most internet ventures will charge significantly less than their high street counterparts, which means that if you would like an easy way to cut back on your costs, a company like Hatched could be the answer.


#2: Online Estate Agents Usually Have a Larger Audience of Potential Purchasers


When it comes to buying, whether it’s a home, a new mobile phone, or a holiday, most people now start their search online. According to the latest statistics, 80 per cent of all property purchasers do their shopping through the World Wide Web, and technologically savvy Generation Y account for 68 per cent of all first-time home buyers. This gives online estate agents a huge audience to mine, and means that for as long as your property is being advertised on the internet, it is being seen by a vast number of would-be purchasers.


#3: You’ll Have Greater Control Over the Sales Process


When you sell online, you have the additional boon of being able to control the process to a greater degree. Most agencies will allow you to manage fundamental aspects of the sale, from arranging viewings to talking with prospective buyers. This means that you can conduct these yourself, showing interested parties around and developing a direct relationship with them from day one. This gives you the chance to be involved in key phases, whilst still being able to leave the tricky bits to the professionals.

If you’re looking for a superior alternative to your local estate agent, could an online enterprise be the best option for you?



You’ve been in business for a couple of years, defying the odds and keeping your company from becoming another failed business statistic. You’ve hired what you believe to be a strong and capable staff and credit them with your company’s success.


Lately, you’ve noticed a growing turnover rate. It seems like the longest an employee stays is six months, then they hand in a two-week notice; that is if you’re lucky—some just skip out. You’re not sure what’s going on. Once you’ve filled one position another opens, and it’s not because of rapid promoting.


There’s something amiss, and if you want your business to make it to the five-year mark and beyond, you need to figure it now. But management doesn’t have a concise answer as to why people are leaving the company, so what can be done about this?

Management Troubles

According to Forbes Magazine, 50 percent of workers surveyed in a Gallup poll reported that they left their job “to get away from their manager.” In the long run, it won’t matter if you have an all-star staff, if management isn’t nurturing their potential, recognizing their hard work or serving in some sort of mentorship capacity, they will look elsewhere and leave your company.


There are three personality types that make a bad manager, and if any members of your leadership team exhibit these qualities, you’ll need to reevaluate your own management style and may even need to reshuffle the deck.


The Flash in the Pan

This team member demonstrated they were a quick-starter and go-getter early on. They took feedback well and adjusted their work to reflect the company’s mission and made their end goal the success of the company. There was no question that they would be promoted, and with just a few months under their belt, you promoted them to a management position.


Functioning much like a startup, you trust that your staff is getting their work done when they work remotely, but this manager makes only weekly appearances in the office and has not shared their calendar with their department. No one knows if they’ll be in the office and employees have a hard time getting ahold of the manager. It would appear that they think being a manager means going to pub cons and hosting cocktail hour with potential clients, not keeping the staff abreast of company news or following through on staff questions and meetings. Also referred to as “the ghost,” this type of manager does not inspire employee loyalty.


Management Tactics: Make it a rule that all management must be in the office when employees are. Conduct a weekly meeting with this manager and their department to see where they are in their work and to learn of any discrepancies. If there is a client meeting that must take place, the head of the company will manage it.


The Peer

This type of manager worries about not being liked by their subordinates and will do anything to stay on their good side, even if that means making some questionable calls that could hurt the business.


Who you put in charge will dramatically affect the success of your business. If a manager should spend their day on Facebook making comments on your employees’ status updates, there’s going to be trouble, especially if they make a disparaging comment from the company’s social media page in an effort to be funny. When that happens and an upset employee threatens to sue, business insurance will cover the cost—but you’ll still lose a valuable staff member.


Management Tactics: Set internet usage rules. Management and employees alike cannot update their social media feeds while at work, and management must make sure that all conversations taking place between management and staff are politically correct.


The Identity Thief

This person takes all of the good ideas and work of their employees and marks it as their own. The only time this type of manager doesn’t take responsibility for something is when a project falls flat, only then will they say another team member worked on it.


Management Tactics: Call this manager out. Ask who has and continues to work on the projects and demand that the meetings be led by the team, not the manager alone.


No one is perfect, and going from being a staff member to manager takes time to adjust. Make sure you are giving every member of your staff the tools they need to succeed.



SpaceX has successfully launched the Dragon CRS-10 (2) mission carrying a cargo ship for the International Space Station (ISS) following the postponement of take-off on February 18 because of technical problems.

Witnesses said the Dragon rocket was only briefly visible before making its way into the clouds.

The launch was made from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

The rocket booster successfully landed on the ground nine minutes after taking off.

Image source Flickr

The touchdown is part of SpaceX’s strategy of returning rockets to earth so they can be reused rather than jettisoning them in the ocean after a single launch.

Moments after the rocket landed, the SpaceX Dragon supply ship successfully reached orbit, prompting cheers inside the SpaceX Mission Control room.

The Dragon is now making its way to the ISS, and is expected to arrive on February 22.

On January 14, SpaceX resumed flights by launching a Falcon 9 vehicle from the Vandenberg Air Force Base on the California coast.

It was the first mission by the private rocket company since one of its vehicles exploded on the launch pad in September.

The company founder, Elon Musk, wants SpaceX to be at the forefront of the race involving several companies to deploy satellite-based internet services over the next few years.

SpaceX also has a long queue of customers all waiting for a ride to orbit – including America’s civil space agency (NASA), the US military and multiple outfits in the commercial sector.

India has successfully launched a record number of 104 satellites on a single mission, overtaking the previous record of 37 satellites launched by Russia in 2014.

All but three of the satellites are from foreign countries, most of them from the United States.

The launch took place from the Sriharikota space center in east India.

According to observers, it is a sign that India is emerging as a major player in the multi-billion dollar space market.

Image source India Today

Project director B Jayakumar was quoted as saying by Reuters: “This is a great moment for each and every one of us. Today we have created history.”

Indian PM Narendra Modi was among the first to congratulate the scientists tweeting: “This remarkable feat by @isro is yet another proud moment for our space scientific community and the nation. India salutes our scientists.”

The phrase “world record” has also been trending on Twitter India on February 15.

Of the 104 small satellites, 96 belong to the US while Israel, Kazakhstan, the United Arab Emirates, Switzerland and the Netherlands are the other foreign clients.

A majority of the satellites have earth-imaging capability and belong to American company Planet.

An Indian cartographic satellite, believed to be capable of taking high resolution images is also on board. It is expected to be used to monitor regional arch rivals Pakistan and China.

India has increased the 2017 budget for its space program and also announced plans to send a mission to Venus.

Over the past two decades, India has become a key player in the lucrative commercial space market offering a low-cost alternative.

A tiny moth from California has become the first creature named after President-elect Donald Trump.

The Neopalpa donaldtrumpi has a very recognizable “hairstyle”.

The tiny moth was discovered in California by Canadian researcher Vazrick Nazari.

The name was inspired by the striking golden flakes covering its head, which Vazrick Nazari likened to the soon-to-be 45th president of the United States’ famous mop.

Image source NBC News

Nine species were named after President Barack Obama during his term in office.

What Donald Trump will make of the honor remains to be seen – especially as the tiny moth, with its wingspan of just more than a centimeter, is native to southern California and the Mexican region of Baja California.

However, Vazrick Nazari said he hoped it would inspire President Trump to prioritize ecological issues during his term in office.

Vazrick Nazari told Live Science: “I hope that the president will make conservation of such fragile ecosystems in the US his top priority. These ecosystems still contain many undiscovered and undescribed species, and deserve to be protected for future generations.”